Welcome to the Foodborne Disease website. The sources of pathogens responsible for causing foodborne illnesses are pervasive. Food and its derivatives will invariably harbor a small concentration of pathogenic agents. When existing in minor proportions, these detrimental microorganisms do not give rise to any concerns. However, upon surpassing a particular threshold of contamination, they hold the capability to initiate sickness and potentially lead to fatal outcomes..

Monday, May 06, 2024

Salmonellosis: Disease caused by Salmonella

Salmonellosis, an illness caused by the Salmonella bacteria, primarily affects the gastrointestinal system in humans. This infection typically leads to symptoms like diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and vomiting, lasting for several days. In more severe cases, Salmonella can disseminate beyond the digestive tract, causing bloodstream infections (bacteremia) or localized infections in bones or cerebrospinal fluid, though these complications are relatively rare.

The discovery of Salmonella is credited to Daniel E. Salmon, an American scientist, in the late 1800s. However, it was actually Theobald Smith, one of his researchers, who deserves recognition for isolating and identifying these bacteria. Since then, scientists have categorized over 2,400 variations of Salmonella, which are broadly classified into two species: Salmonella enterica and Salmonella bongori.

These bacteria can be found in various environments, including the intestines of animals, particularly poultry, cattle, and reptiles. Contaminated food, especially raw meat, eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products, is a common source of human infection. Salmonella can also spread through contact with infected animals or their feces.

Efforts to control Salmonella infections involve strict food safety measures, such as proper cooking of food, pasteurization of dairy products, and thorough handwashing. Despite these efforts, approximately 40,000 cases of salmonellosis are reported annually in the United States alone, with many more cases likely going unreported due to mild symptoms or lack of medical attention.

In recent years, there have been notable developments in diagnosing Salmonella infections, including advanced molecular techniques for rapid identification and tracking of specific strains. This progress aids public health officials in responding swiftly to outbreaks and implementing targeted prevention strategies. Ongoing research continues to refine our understanding of Salmonella and enhance strategies to reduce its impact on public health.
Salmonellosis: Disease caused by Salmonella

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